Funding Source: NIAR Industry State (NIS)
Funding Period: July 2005- July 2006
Principal Investigator: Gerardo Olivares PhD.
Industry Participation: Hawker Beechcraft, Cessna, Britax Child Safety, IPECO
Research Overview: Occupant protection policies for children younger than two years of age on aircraft are inconsistent with all other national policies on safe transportation. Children younger than two years old are not required to be restrained or secured on aircraft during takeoff, landing, and conditions of turbulence. Child restraint designs vary with the size of the child, the direction the child faces, the type of internal restraining system, and the method of installation. Current Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) recommendations for child restraints are based on Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standards (FMVSS) and typically involve the use of child safety seats restrained by aircraft lap belts. Newer automotive restraint standards use the vehicle structure to restrain the child safety seat. These standards differ between North America (LATCH) and the rest of the world (International Organization for Standardization FIX or ISOFIX). Development and testing to determine the optimum aerospace child restraint and a solution that works in both North America and the rest of the world is covered in this research.